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Application of PCBN Tools in Machining Brake Disc

2020-11-23 16:38:04

PCBN Tools

 

Automotive brake disc has high requirements for finish and processing efficiency, usually the surface roughness is required to be Ra1.6, the circumference thickness difference between the two braking surfaces is usually required to be controlled within the range of 0.009mm, parallelism is required to be within 0.04mm, run-out is required to be within the error range of 0.025mm, and these shape and position tolerances are guaranteed by finishing. The traditional grinding technology has been difficult to meet the market demand for shape and position tolerance turning. PCBN tool has extremely high hardness and wear resistance, and shows great advantages in processing brake disc. It can not only obtain satisfactory surface processing quality (surface roughness Ra1.6), improve production efficiency, but also reduce the processing cost of single piece, which has significant economic benefits.

 

Materials and Properties of Brake Disc

The material of car brake disc is generally gray cast iron, and the common material is HT250, with a minimum tensile strength of 250MPa and a hardness of 209HB, good strength, wear resistance and heat resistance, and good shock absorption. However, the brake disc has poor ductility and is a short chip material, usually with low cutting force. In addition, due to the uneven distribution of graphite, the hardness of the brake disc changes, which will lead to PCBN cutter processing fluctuations, even collapse phenomenon, and reduce the processing efficiency of the brake disc. In addition, non-plastic material in gray cast iron will accelerate the wear of the tool, so the PCBN tool is required to have high wear resistance. The typical chemical composition of HT250 is shown in Table 1.

 

Table 1  the chemical composition of HT250

C/%

Si/%

Mn/%

S/%

P/%

3.16-3.30

1.79-1.93

0.89-1.04

0.094-0.125

0.120-0.170

 

Notes of PCBN tools during machining

First of all, we should pay attention to the rigidity of the whole process system of the machine tool, fixture and tool. The jig itself should have enough strength and rigidity, and the extended length of the cutter head should be as short as possible to avoid the vibration of the cutter during the processing.

When installing the tool, the tip should be aligned with the workpiece center to avoid vibration when the tool is too high or too low。

Different processing procedures, to choose a reasonable processing parameters, too high or too low will not only affect the production efficiency, but also reduce the service life of the tool.

 

Cases of Brake disc machining

①Coarse turning of brake surface and end face, take the diameter of the brake disc D=278mm as an example, the machining parameters V=650m/min, AP =2.5mm, f=0.5mm/r

Procedure

Machining Position

Inserts Type

Inserts Material

Cylindrical chamfering

SNGN120712

CBN

Inner Hole Chamfer

SNGN120712

CBN

Coarse turning of brake surface

CNGN120712

CBN

Coarse turning of brake upper end face

SNGN120712

CBN

②Coarse turning of inner endface and bottom face,  Take the diameter of the brake disc D=278mm as an example, and the machining parameters V=650m/min, AP =2.5mm, f=0.5mm/r

Procedure

Machining Position

Inserts Type

Inserts Material

Cylindrical turning

SNGN120712

CBN

Chamfering

SNGN120712

CBN

 

Coarse turning of brake bottom face

SNGN120712

CBN

Coarse turning of brake inner end face

CNGN120712

CBN

Arc turning

CNGN120712

CBN

Turning inside hole

CNGN120712

CBN

 chamfering and turning small bore

SNGN120712

CBN

Coarse turning of brake bottom face

SNGN120712

CBN

③Fine turning, take the diameter of the brake disc D=278mm as an example, the machining parameters V=500m/min, AP =0.1-0.2mm, f=0.25mm/r

Procedure

Machining Position

Inserts Type

Inserts Material

Coarse grinding of small hole

SNGN090408

CBN

Finish turning of inner end face

TNGA090408

CBN

Coarse grinding of brake upper end face

SNGN090408

CBN

Finish grinding of brake bottom end face

SNGN090408

CBN


If you want to know more about PCBN Tools in Machining Brake Disc area, feel free to contact us.



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